While most women have no trouble conceiving naturally, others may need an extra push to get pregnant. A woman's age and health have a significant impact on her fertility, with 35 being the age where fertility starts to decline significantly. However, women who have a hard time conceiving can choose from a variety of fertility medications and treatments to increase their chances of success. When used with In Vitro Fertilization, fertility drugs help women to produce multiple eggs which can be fertilized, screened to pick the best one, and implant it back into the woman's uterus. You can find all types of fertility drugs online to treat any fertility complications.
With women producing just one egg per month, or even during a longer period, fertility drugs can help them overcome ovulation problems, like polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid conditions, or premature ovarian failure, which are the principal causes of infertility.
How Do Fertility Drugs Work?
Fertility drugs are usually the first step taken by couples who have a hard time conceiving. These treatments can be bought in a fertility pharmacy and work by increasing the level of certain key hormones in the body. These hormones stimulate the production of healthy egg cells (ovulation) which can then be inseminated, whether it's during sex or artificially, to create a baby.
For women who don't ovulate on a regular basis, fertility drugs can help them develop and release new eggs every month. This is done by promoting the development of ovarian follicle, which are cells that function as egg-containing structures and are a fundamental unit of the female reproductive system. The treatment is also easy enough that most women can inject themselves at home or have their partners help them
Fertility drugs can also target other parts of a female's reproductive system to increase the effectiveness of the treatment. For example, women who don't respond to follicle-stimulating medication will usually be prescribed fertility drugs that stimulate the ovaries directly. For couples undergoing IVF treatment, fertility drugs play an essential role in stimulating the production of healthy eggs and a successful embryo implantation.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) represents one of the most effective infertility treatments available today, with 65% of women who use it getting pregnant in their first attempt. IVF involves retrieving the woman's eggs so that they can be fertilized in the laboratory. The resulting embryo is later introduced into the uterus where it will hopefully develop into a full-sized baby.
IVF medications are essential for this process since In Vitro Fertilization can require anything between 3 and 10 eggs to obtain a successful embryo. More eggs mean more fertilized eggs and hence better chances of having a good quality embryo. Therefore, a typical hormonal treatment will involve the patient taking one drug to stimulate the development of the eggs and another one to suppress ovulation until the doctors can retrieve them.
Types Of Fertility Medications
There are many types of fertility drugs online which prepare the body for treatment and increase the probabilities of developing healthy eggs. The type and amount of drug used will depend on the woman's circumstances. Some of the most commonly used fertility drugs are:
1. Clomid: By far the most popular fertility drug in use today, Clomid works by stimulating the pituitary gland to produce more follicle-stimulating hormone, therefore increasing the quality and frequency of the woman's ovulation cycle. Clomid is usually the first drug prescribed to women who have irregular periods since it has an 80% chance of inducing ovulation in the first 3 months and a 50% chance of pregnancy in the first 6 months.
2. Femara: This medication is commonly prescribed for women who don't respond to a Clomid treatment. It is similar to Clomid, but besides stimulating ovulation, it helps to increase the number of eggs produced, making it an excellent IVF medication. Femara can be taken orally and doesn't have significant side-effects for the body.
3. Estrace: This hormone is a form of estrogen that can be found naturally in the body. Estrace helps to develop the lining of the uterus, which is a requirement to get and sustain a healthy pregnancy. Estrace can be prescribed, whether conception is natural or assisted, to create a healthy environment where the embryo can be implanted and reduce the chances of a miscarriage.
4. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG): Is an injectable drug which causes ovulation to occur 36 to 48 hours after it is administered. Because of its power, HCG is most commonly used to time the ovulation process with certain procedures such as sex or egg retrieval for IVF.
5. Nafarelin: This drug serves the dual purpose of developing the ovary's follicles and trigger ovulation. The method of administration is by a nasal spray and the time it is present in the body is one of the shortest among fertility drugs. Like with HCG, ovulation occurs 36 to 48 hours after it's administered.
Possible Side Effects
Fertility medication has been used safely for many years. However, every drug comes with its own side effects, and fertility medications are not an exception to this rule. Some commonly experienced side effects, like mood swings, nausea, headaches, weight gain, and diarrhea, are minor and tend to go away relatively quick. However, some women might respond too well to the medicine with unintended consequences.
Using fertility drugs increases the chances of having twins or even more than two babies at the same time. Women who use IVF can avoid this by choosing the egg with a single embryo, but for women who get pregnant naturally, this is an unavoidable risk. Even if they want to have many babies, multiple pregnancies are more likely to result in miscarriage, preterm labor, or other complications.
Fertility drugs can be either miraculously efficient or an unnecessary expense. The success of the treatment will depend on a good diagnosis that will accurately identify the root of the problem and a healthy amount of luck. Fertility drugs aren't a magic pill, but they are more likely to work for women with ovulation problems. If you have problems to conceive, talk to a fertility specialist about which treatment options can help you. Being informed on all the available fertility drugs online will help you choose the right fertility treatment for you and increase your chances of getting pregnant.